# 666 (number)

(six hundred and sixty-sixth) Factorization 2 · 3

^{2}· 37 Roman numeral DCLXVI Binary 1010011010

_{2}Ternary 220200

_{3}Quaternary 22122

_{4}Quinary 10131

_{5}Senary 3030

_{6}Octal 1232

_{8}Duodecimal 476

_{12}Hexadecimal 29A

_{16}Vigesimal 1D6

_{20}Base 36 II

_{36}Greek numeral χξϛʹ

^{[1]}Chinese numeral 六百六十六 Arabic numeral٦٦٦

**666** (*six hundred and sixty-six*) is the natural number following 665 and preceding 667.

## Contents

## In mathematics

666 is the sum of the first 36 natural numbers (i.e. ), and thus it is a triangular number. Notice that ; 15 and 21 are also triangular numbers; and

Since 36 is both square and triangular, 666 is the sixth number of the form (sequence A037270 in OEIS) and the eighth number of the form (doubly triangular numbers) (sequence A002817 in OEIS).

The number of prime numbers up to 666 is 121, which is the square of 11, which is the number of prime numbers up to 36.

666 is an abundant number.

The harmonic mean of the decimal digits of 666 is (trivially – all repdigit natural numbers have this property) an integer: 3/(1/6 + 1/6 + 1/6) = 6, making 666 the 54th number with this property.

In base 10, 666 is a repdigit (and therefore a palindromic number) and a Smith number. A prime reciprocal magic square based on 1/149 in base 10 has a magic total of 666.

The Roman numeral for 666, DCLXVI, has exactly one occurrence of all symbols whose value is less than 1000 (D=500, C=100, L=50, X=10, V=5, I=1).

(60 and 360 were used as bases in Babylonian mathematics, as in the degrees of a circle; 360=10x36 and 666 is the sum of the numbers from 1 to 36.)

666 is 1010011010 in the binary numeral system which is the same as its one’s complement in reverse digit order.

666 is a member of the indices of prime Padovan numbers: 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 14, 19, 30, 37, 84, 128, 469, 666, 1262, 1573, 2003, 2210, … (sequence A112882 in OEIS).

## In religion

### The Number of the Beast

In the Textus Receptus manuscripts of the New Testament, the Book of Revelation (13:17-18) cryptically asserts 666 to be “the number of a man,” associated with the beast, an antagonistic creature that appears briefly about two-thirds into the apocalyptic vision. Some manuscripts of the original Greek use the symbols chi xi stigma (or digamma), while other manuscripts spell out the number in words.

In modern popular culture, 666 has become one of the most widely recognized symbols for the Antichrist or, alternatively, the Devil. The number 666 is reportedly used to invoke Satan. Earnest references to the number occur both among apocalypticist Christian groups and in explicitly anti-Christian subcultures. References in contemporary Western art or literature are, more likely than not, intentional references to *the Beast* symbolism. Such popular references are therefore too numerous to list.

It is not uncommon to see the symbolic role of the *integer* 666 transferred to the *digit sequence* 6-6-6. Some people take the Satanic associations of 666 so seriously that they actively avoid things related to 666 or the digits 6-6-6. This is known as hexakosioihexekontahexaphobia.

In some early biblical manuscripts, the number is cited as 616.

### Other occurrences

- In the Bible, 666 is the number of talents of gold Solomon collected each year (see 1 Kings 10:14, 2 Chronicles 9:13).
- In the Bible, is the number of Adonikam's descendants who return to Jerusalem and Judah from the Babylonian exile (see Ezra 2:13).
- In the Bible, there may be a latent reference to 666 in the name of the great sixth-century B.C. king of Babylon. Commonly spelled
*Nebuchadnezzar*, transliterating from the book of Daniel, the name is*Nebuchadrezzar*or*Nebuchadrezzur*in the book of Jeremiah (see Jeremiah 49:28–30). The number of each name can be calculated, since Hebrew letters double as numbers (see Hebrew numerals).*Nebuchadrezzar*is 663, and*Nebuchadrezzur*, 669. Midway between the two variants is 666. If the mysteries of Jeremiah are to be related to those of Revelation, Nebuchadrezzar, who came (though bidden by God) to crush God’s people, may prefigure the end-times beast.^{[2]} - Using the same system in Hebrew of generating a number from the letters of a name, Neron Caesar written in Hebrew produces the number 666. Thus in the Bible, 666 may have been a coded reference to Nero the Roman Emperor from 55 to 68 CE.
- In Kabbalistic Judaism, 666 is the number which represents the creation and perfection of the world. The world was created in 6 days, and there are 6 cardinal directions (North, South, East, West, Up, Down).

## In other fields

- is the magic sum, or sum of the magic constants of a six by six magic square, any row or column of which adds up to 111.
- is the sum of all the numbers on a roulette wheel (1 through 36).
- was a winning lottery number in the 1980 Pennsylvania Lottery scandal, in which equipment was tampered to favor a 4 or 6 as each of the three individual random digits.
^{[3]} - was the original name of the Macintosh SevenDust computer virus that was discovered in 1998.
- The number is a frequent visual element of Aryan Brotherhood tattoos.
- Aleister Crowley adopted the namesake ‘the Great Beast 666’. As such, 666 is also associated with him, his work, and his religious philosophy of Thelema.
- The most common carbon isotope (Carbon-12), the basis of all known life on Earth, consists of 6 protons, 6 neutrons and 6 electrons

## See also

## References

**^**"Revelation 13:18".*Stephanus New Testament*. Bible Gateway. Retrieved 2006-06-22.**^**Schwartz, Erich D. “God’s Principles of Mathematics as Revealed in Scripture.” Mountville, PA: Dayspring Christian Academy, 2000.**^**May, Steve. "The Devil Made Him Do It and Left Me There, Comfortable".*The New Yinzer*. Retrieved 2009-09-13.

## External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

**666 (number)**- Weisstein, Eric W., “Beast Number”,
*MathWorld*. - Watts, Peter; Grime, James. "666 – The Number of the Beast".
*Numberphile*. Brady Haran. - Symbolism of the number-(
*ridingthebeast*) - Conspiracy Truths :Numerology – “666″ (Part 1)
- disastercountdown
- Words that Equal 666
- CNN(U.S.A):Pastor with 666 tattoo

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